SharePoint Permission Levels and Best Practices in Microsoft 365 (2023)

SharePoint, a widely used collaboration platform developed by Microsoft, allows users to store, and share sensitive informationwithin an organization. However, without proper permissions, unauthorized users may gain access to confidential data that causes data breaches. Therefore, it is essential for organizations to establish and enforce appropriate SharePoint permission levels to ensure data security, maintain data integrity, and manage access to sensitive information.

In this blog, we’ll explore SharePoint permission levels and some best practices to help you take control of your SharePoint experience and streamline your workflows.

SharePoint Permission Levels in Office 365

SharePoint Online permission levels are a set of consentsthat determine what actions users can perform within SharePoint.

Permission levels in SharePoint offer flexibility in managing permissions, allowing administrators to easily modify and customize access rights as per changing business requirements. By setting up permission levels, you can ensure that users are granted the appropriate level of access to the organization’s sensitive information. Also, SharePoint Online provides a way to assign permissions for site, document, and list levels.

Multiple permissions options are available in SharePoint Online. They are

  1. Default permission levels
  2. O365 SharePoint security groups
  3. Custom permission levels
  4. SharePoint permissions on document library
  5. Permissions for SharePoint lists
  6. User SharePoint permissions

Set Default Permission Levels in SharePoint Online

SharePoint provides default permission levels that consist of a preconfigured set of permissions, which can be assigned to users, groups, andsecurity groups.

By implementing these permission levels, you can strike a balance between granting users the necessary access for their tasks and safeguarding the security of your SharePoint environment.

The 5 predefined SharePoint permission levels are,

Full Control:Full Control is a default permission level that provides users with complete control over a SharePoint site. With this permission, users can perform any action like creating, deleting, modifying sites, etc.

Edit:With the Edit permission level, users can add, edit and delete lists. Also, they can view, add, update, and delete SharePoint documents & list items.

Read:Users with the default Read permission level in SharePoint can view SharePoint pages and list items, but they cannot modify or add new content. They can also download documents stored on the SharePoint site, but they cannot upload or delete documents.

Contribute:You shall use this Contribute SharePoint permission to allow users to gain full access to the SharePoint lists and documents. However, they can’t make any changes to the site pages and looks.

Design: You can use this permission to provide users with the ability tocustomize and other predefined consents for the sites in a SharePoint Online.

SharePoint Permission Levels and Best Practices in Microsoft 365 (1)

In SharePoint Online, when a new team site or communication site is created, default groups are automatically generated. These groups are designed to facilitate permission management and access control for the site and its contents.Users can be added to these groups depending on the permissions that need to be granted.

The default groups in SharePoint Online are,

Owners: This group has complete authority over the SharePoint site and its content. Users in this group can add or remove users, set permissions, and make other modifications to the site. Along with this, they can also be able to view the SharePoint usage reports to track site activities.

Members: This group has the privilege to make contributions to the site, which may include adding and editing content, creating lists and libraries, and managing permissions for their own documents and items.

Visitors: This group offers only read-only access to the added users. They can’t be able to edit or delete the contents like the users in the Owners and Members groups.

Create New Permission Level in SharePoint

The default permission levels are often too broad in scope and may not offer the necessary level of granularity to fully meet the specificrequirements of an organization.However, you can make your customized permission levels based on your requirements.

You can create a custom permission level by following the steps below.

  1. First, open SharePoint Online.
  2. Then, click Settings at the top right corner.
  3. After that click the Site permissions option.
  4. Now, select Advanced permission settings at the bottom.
  5. Then, click on the Permission Levels at the top of the page.
  6. Now, to createyour custom permission level, click Add a Permission Level.
  7. Give a suitable name and description to your new custom permission level.
  8. After that, you can select List Permissions, Site Permissions, Personal Permissions based on your requirement.
  9. Finally, scroll down the page and click Create to set your custom permission level.

SharePoint Permission Levels and Best Practices in Microsoft 365 (2)

After creating the custom permission level, you have the flexibility to assign it to specific users or security groups according to your requirements.

If permissions are configuredat the parent site level, those changes will also apply to all child lists, and libraries unless their permissions have been customized. However, it is possible to break inheritance and customize permissions at any level to meet specific security and access requirements.

We can configure custom permissions for the following.

  • SharePoint Document Library
  • SharePoint Lists

Note: Before configuring permissions for the above items, you have to stop the inheritance of site-level permissions on those above items. You can stop inheriting permissions for your document library under Permissions and Management section by following the path below.

Respective site library>Settings>Library settings> More library settings>Permissions for this document library> Stop Inheriting Permissions>Ok.

This level of customization enables organizations to manage permissions, such as restricting access to sensitive documents or granting unique permissions for designated users or groups.

Create Folder Level Permission in Microsoft SharePoint

It is possible to create custom permissions for individual folders in SharePoint. However, it is advised to use those custom folder permissions only when it is necessary.

To manage permissions for the SharePoint library and files, follow the steps below.

Respective site> Document library>Respective folder > (…)> Manage access

SharePoint Permission Levels and Best Practices in Microsoft 365 (3)

By referring to the above screenshot, you can assign granular permissions to users to access the folders in your library.

Manage File-level Permission in SharePoint Online

Organizations can precisely control item-level access permission in SharePoint, allowing for unique permissions on specific items within a list or library. This permission is beneficial when specific items in a list or library require specificpermissions that differ from the rest of the items.

To set a file-level permissions in SharePoint, follow the steps below.

  • First, locate the file for which you wish to configure permissions.
  • Then, choose the file and select the “Share” button.
  • Now, enter the email address of the person or group for whom you want to set permissions in the “To” field.
  • Select the desired level of access (view or edit) from the dropdown menu.
  • Then, click on the “Send” button to send invitation to the respective users after applying the designated permission.

Note: You can monitor the file sharing activities using inbuilt SharePoint Online Sharing reports.

SharePoint Permission Levels and Best Practices in Microsoft 365 (4)

In SharePoint Online, you can set permissions for specific lists within a site, in addition to setting site-level permissions. Here’s how to set list-level permissions,

  1. Navigate to the list or library that you want to set permissions for.
  2. Now, click on the gear icon in the top right corner, and select “List settings”.
  3. Then, under the “Permissions and Management” section, click on “Permissions for this list“.

Now you can grant permission levels such as, Read, Edit, Full Control to users according to your requirements.

SharePoint Permission Levels and Best Practices in Microsoft 365 (5)

To ensure proper access management, regularly checking the SharePoint permissions of users is crucial, particularly when dealing with numerous users with varying roles.

To check user permission in SharePoint Online, you can follow the steps below.

  1. First, navigate to the SharePoint site that you want to check permissions for.
  1. Now, click on the “Settings” icon in the top-right corner of the page, and then click on “Site permissions”.

Here, you will see a list of all the users and security groups that have been granted permissions to the site, along with the permission levels.

SharePoint Permission Levels and Best Practices in Microsoft 365 (6)

Note: You can also verify the permissions granted to individual users or groups by using the ‘Check Permissions’ option found in the Site permissions settings, by providing the user’s email address.

SharePoint Permission Levels and Best Practices in Microsoft 365 (7)

Generate SharePoint Online Permission Reports

SharePoint Online offers multiple methods to generate reports on granted permissions. They are,

  1. Built-in Permissions Report: To generate the inbuilt SharePoint Permissions reports, navigate to the respective site settings and click the Site Permissions option. You will get a list of users and permissions assigned to them.
  2. SharePoint Online Management Shell: An alternative way to generate a report on permissions in SharePoint Online is by utilizing the Management Shell, where a script can be executed to retrieve permissions for a specific SharePoint site, list, or library and export the results to a CSV file. Before that make sure to connect SharePoint Online PowerShell.
  3. Third-party tools: Multiple external tools can be utilized to create SharePoint usage reports. We can use the same third-party tool to get reports on permissions in SharePoint Online.

Best practices to Manage SharePoint Permissions

Following best practices for SharePoint permissions settings helps organizations minimize the risk of security incidents and ensure that users have access only to the information they need to complete their task.

Do’s of SharePoint Online Permission Levels

  • Follow the principle of least privilege: Avoid giving high privileges to the SharePoint Online users. Provide individuals with the minimum level of authorization required to perform their designated duties.
  • Centralized secure repository: Create a separate SharePoint site or library for sensitive documents instead of scattering them throughout a larger library and using specific permissions to protect them.
  • Limited use of item-level permissions: It is the best practice to limit the use of item-level permissions. You can apply them, when necessary, as they can complicate overall permission management.
  • Optimizing access control: It is recommended to create groups for managing permissions, which is a best practice instead of assigning permissions directly to individual users.
  • Confidentiality: Don’t give SharePoint permissions to unauthorized users to access your confidential information if it is not necessary.
  • Secure access to subsites: If you are having subsites in your SharePoint Online, then it is advisedto have site level permissions to provide same control access to your subsites as that of the parent site.
  • Optimum use of permission inheritance: Establish a clear and understandable permission structure by utilizing permission inheritance through SharePoint groups.

Don’ts of SharePoint Online Permission Levels

  • More members in Owners group: Limit the number of users in the Owners group and assign most users as Members or Visitors for better permission management.
  • Failed to review permissions regularly: Don’t forget to review and update permissions regularly, as users join or leave the organization to ensure that they have appropriate access to SharePoint resources.
  • Breaking permission inheritance: You can stop inheriting permissions for your site contents. But try to reduce breaking permission inheritance in SharePoint, as it can lead to complex permission structures that are difficult to manage and maintain unless it is necessary.
  • Excessiveuse of custom permission levels: Don’t use custom permissions enormously, use them limitedly and only when necessary. Keeping permissions as simple as possible can make it easier to manage and maintain the site.

Lock SharePoint Tight and Prevent Data loss!

In conclusion, SharePoint permission levels provide granular access controls to organizationsensitive data. Thisenables youto effectively manage user permissions and restrict access to confidential content, thereby reducing the risk of data breaches or unauthorized activities. So, follow the best practices and configure SharePoint permission levels to protect your sensitive information within the SharePoint environment.

We hope this blog will help you to learn more about SharePoint permission levels. Share your ideas and suggestions on SharePoint permission levels and best practices in the comments section.

You may also like these blogs:

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  • Audit Mailbox Permission Changes in Office 365 using PowerShell
  • Export Shared Mailbox Permission Report to CSV using PowerShell
  • Office 365 Vs Microsoft 365: Exploring the Differences

  • FAQs

    At what level in SharePoint should you set permissions as a best practice? ›

    Don't give users item-level permissions or permissions at the user-level. To provide users permissions, you should always use SharePoint permission groups. Negative permissions difficulties can arise from item level permission management, which is a manual operation that can be time-consuming.

    What is the best practice for SharePoint online permissions? ›

    SharePoint Online Permissions Best Practices

    Use security groups to manage permissions: Instead of assigning permissions directly to individual users, it is generally best practice to create group to manage permissions.

    What are the standard permission levels in SharePoint? ›

    For more information about how to customize permission levels, see Configure custom permissions in SharePoint Server. The default permission levels are Limited Access, Read, Contribute, Design, and Full Control.

    How do I manage permissions in SharePoint permission level? ›

    Open the list or library that contains the folder, document, or list item, on which you want to edit permission levels. Click the drop-down menu to the right of the folder, document, or list item on which you want to edit permission levels, and then click Manage Permissions.

    What are the best practices for Microsoft permissions? ›

    NTFS Permissions Best Practices
    • Create consistent policies and naming conventions.
    • Always use permission groups, avoid assigning permissions directly.
    • Keep the root directory clear, don't allow users to create new folders.
    • Use “full control” only when absolutely necessary.
    Jan 16, 2018

    What are the best practices when working with permissions? ›

    Best practices for permissions
    • Apply least privilege. Only request necessary permissions. ...
    • Use the correct permission type based on scenarios. Avoid using both application and delegated permissions in the same app. ...
    • Provide terms of service and privacy statements.
    Mar 29, 2023

    What are the best practices for SharePoint? ›

    Once again, they are not in any specific order, just a list of things I share from my life as a SharePoint consultant.
    • Don't ignore proper training. ...
    • Don't use SharePoint as a file share. ...
    • Don't use OneDrive instead of SharePoint. ...
    • Don't ignore the other applications within Microsoft 365.
    Nov 21, 2022

    What are the limitations of permissions in SharePoint Online? ›

    The supported limit of unique permissions for items in a list or library is 50,000. However, the recommended general limit is 5,000. Making changes to more than 5,000 uniquely permitted items at a time takes longer. Therefore, for large lists, design the list to have as few unique permissions as possible.

    What is the best way to access SharePoint site? ›

    Sign in to SharePoint
    1. Go to, and sign in to your work or school account.
    2. In the upper left corner of the window, select the app launcher > All apps > SharePoint. Tip: If you don't see the SharePoint app under All apps, use the Search box near the top of the window to search for SharePoint.

    What are the 3 default permission groups in SharePoint? ›

    Review available default groups
    Group nameDefault permission level
    OwnersFull Control
    ViewersView Only
    Jan 19, 2023

    At what 3 levels is security handled in SharePoint? ›

    SharePoint supports security for user access at the website, list, list or library folder, and item levels.

    What are the three types of site permissions? ›

    SharePoint gives you three permissions groups in every new SharePoint site: Owners, Members, and Visitors.

    What is the highest permission level in SharePoint? ›

    Owners have full control over a SharePoint site and possess the highest permission levels. They can do everything Visitors and Members can do and can also oversee site security, add more web parts, and manage navigation controls. At least one 'owner' must be selected when creating a new SharePoint site.

    How do I manage permission policy levels? ›

    Edit a permission policy level

    Click to highlight the web application whose permission policy level that you want to manage. In the Policy group of the ribbon, click Permission Policy. In the Manage permission policy levels dialog, click the link for the permission policy level that you want to edit.

    What is the easiest way to assign permissions in SharePoint? ›

    The advanced settings allow you to choose custom permission levels and add groups of users (security groups) to the SharePoint site.
    1. Click on Advanced Permissions Settings in the screenshot above (2)
    2. Click Grant Permissions.
    3. Search for users or security groups. ...
    4. Select Show Options.
    Jun 28, 2022

    What are the six types of permissions? ›

    There are six standard permission types which apply to files and folders in Windows:
    • Full Control.
    • Modify.
    • Read & Execute.
    • List Folder Contents.
    • Read.
    • Write.
    Mar 31, 2023

    How do I manage permissions in Office 365? ›

    In the Microsoft 365 admin center, you can go to Role assignments, and then select any role to open its detail pane. Select the Permissions tab to view the detailed list of what admins assigned that role have permissions to do. Select the Assigned or Assigned admins tab to add users to roles.

    What are the six 6 types of permissions in Windows for folders and files? ›

    There are basically six types of permissions in Windows: Full Control, Modify, Read & Execute, List Folder Contents, Read, and Write. List Folder Contents is the only permission that is exclusive to folders. There are more advanced attributes, but you'll never need to worry about those.

    What are four basic permissions? ›

    There are four categories (system, owner, group, and world) and four types of access permissions (Read, Write, Execute and Delete). The categories are not mutually disjoint: World includes Group, which in turn includes Owner. The System category independently includes system users.

    What are four 4 different access rights or permissions that may be applied to a file? ›

    File Access Modes
    • Read. Grants the capability to read, i.e., view the contents of the file.
    • Write. Grants the capability to modify, or remove the content of the file.
    • Execute. User with execute permissions can run a file as a program. ...
    • Read. ...
    • Write. ...
    • Execute. ...
    • Using chmod in Symbolic Mode.

    What is effective access permissions? ›

    What is an Effective Permission anyways? AWS defines effective permissions as “the permissions that are granted by all the policies that affect the user or role.” Simply put, it is the true picture of what your identity can do and what it can access.

    What is the best practice folder structure in SharePoint? ›

    Follow these best practices:
    • Use metadata to tag and find your documents.
    • Whenever possible, centralize and reuse.
    • Design a site architecture that accounts for the 5,000 list view threshold.
    • Don't use SharePoint to replace your relational database.
    • Assign permissions to groups—never to users directly.
    Jan 25, 2022

    What are five strengths of using Microsoft SharePoint? ›

    Microsoft SharePoint Features and Benefits
    • Multi-purpose functionality built in.
    • Centralized administration.
    • Customizable.
    • Document management and collaboration.
    • Site consolidation.
    • Integration with your existing apps.
    • Enhanced security.
    • Ease of use and design assistance.

    How do I improve SharePoint list performance? ›

    How to Improve SharePoint Online Performance
    1. Optimize Your Images.
    2. Use Content Search Web Part Instead of Content Query Web Part.
    3. How to Add a Content Search Web Part to a SharePoint Page.
    4. Prioritize Using Content Delivery Networks.
    5. Minimize the Use of Web Parts.
    6. Use Page Diagnostic Tool.
    7. Conclusion.

    How do SharePoint permissions work? ›

    You add users to SharePoint groups and assign permission levels to your site and to its contents. By default, permissions on lists, libraries, folders within lists and libraries, items, and documents are inherited from their parent site.

    What is least privilege in SharePoint permissions? ›

    The concept of least-privileged administration is to assign users the minimum permissions that are required for users to complete authorized tasks. The goal of least-privileged administration is to configure and help maintain secure control of an environment.

    Why are permissions important on SharePoint? ›

    The first benefit of SharePoint permissions is restricting the document or data access to someone who should not see it. In a system where thousands of documents with sensitive data are stored, such permission levels are vital to protect data. Moreover, you can also limit the team site access to a particular team.

    How do I manage access in SharePoint? ›

    1. Go to Settings. > Site Permissions.
    2. Under Sharing Settings, click Change sharing settings.
    3. Under Access requests, set the toggle for Allow access requests to On.
    4. Select who will receive access requests for the site: ...
    5. You can optionally include a custom message to show users on the access request page.
    6. Click Save.

    What are the different types of access in SharePoint site? ›

    Default SharePoint permission levels
    • View only permissions: Allows users to view application pages and is specifically used for Excel services. ...
    • Read permissions: Allows users to view, download, and list items and documents.
    • SharePoint edit permissions: Users can manage and edit lists and documents.

    How do I manage SharePoint Sites? ›

    In the SharePoint admin center, select Sites > Active sites or browse to the Active sites page. In the left column, select a site. Select Membership on the command bar to open the details panel to update the permissions of the members. Add or remove people or change their role, and then select Save.

    What are SharePoint unique permissions? ›

    A file or a folder that inherits permissions from a parent folder will have the same permissions as the parent folder. A file or a folder can have unique permissions if a user shares it with other users, creates an anonymous guest link, or manually stops inheriting permissions.

    What is one of the 3 types of file permissions? ›

    Files and directories can have three types of permissions: read, write, and execute: Someone with read permission may read the contents of a file, or list the contents of a directory.

    What is the difference between Microsoft 365 groups and SharePoint permissions? ›

    Microsoft 365 Groups give permission to all Microsoft 365 applications, including SharePoint Online (only 2 Groups: Owners and Members). SharePoint Groups give only permission to SharePoint content and the advantage is that the permissions are free configurable.

    How many levels are there in SharePoint? ›

    In Modern Site navigation, you can add navigation up to three levels.

    What is the difference between read and view only permissions in SharePoint? ›

    Read only allows the user to view pages and list items and to download these list items. On the other hand, View Only allows the user to only view pages. We cannot view list items and download them using view only permission in SharePoint.

    What are the levels of access in SharePoint folder? ›

    Levels of Access

    Full Control - Has full control. Design - Can view, add, update, delete, approve, and customize the site. Edit - Can add, edit, and delete lists; can view, add, update and delete list items and documents. Contribute - Can view add, update, and delete list items and documents.

    What are the key types of access permissions? ›

    The Four Main Types of Access Control for Businesses
    • Mandatory access control. Mandatory access control is widely considered the most restrictive access control model in existence. ...
    • Role-based access control. ...
    • Discretionary access control. ...
    • Rule-based access control.
    Jun 17, 2020

    What is the maximum number of files allowed on a SharePoint site? ›

    Moving and copying across sites

    No more than 100 GB total file size. No more than 30,000 files. Each file must be less than 15 GB.

    How do I check my SharePoint permission level? ›

    How to Check SharePoint Permissions
    1. Open your SharePoint site settings → Click “Site Permissions”.
    2. Click “Check Permissions” → Enter the username of the user whose permissions you want to check -> Click “Check Now”.
    3. Review the results:

    What is limited permission in SharePoint? ›

    Limited Access permission does not mean that the users are "limited" or blocked. In fact, it enables a user or group to browse to a site page or library to access a specific content item when they do not have permissions to open or edit any other items in the site or library.

    What are the default permission levels in SharePoint? ›

    For more information about how to customize permission levels, see Configure custom permissions in SharePoint Server. The default permission levels are Limited Access, Read, Contribute, Design, and Full Control.

    What is permission hierarchy? ›

    When a user has multiple roles for the levels of a hierarchy, the user's access rights to a lower level for which there are no permissions defined for any of the user's roles, are determined by applying the strongest of the permissions.

    What tool manages SharePoint permissions? ›

    DeliverPoint is a Permissions Management Tool for Site Owners and SharePoint Administrators. DeliverPoint helps business users as Site Owners, and Site Collection Administrators to report and manage permissions within the context of SharePoint or Microsoft Teams.

    What is the difference between full control and edit in SharePoint? ›

    Full Control – just that, grants full control. Edit – Can add, edit, and delete lists and libraries; can view add, update, and delete list items and documents. Contribute – Can view, add, update, and delete list items and documents. Read – Can view pages and list items and documents.

    When inviting someone to a SharePoint site what will be their default permission level? ›

    Every SharePoint site has 3 default groups:
    1. Visitors - assigned Read permission level.
    2. Members - assigned Edit permission level.
    3. Owners - assigned Full Control permission level.
    Sep 30, 2022

    At what three levels is security handle in SharePoint? ›

    They are Windows administrators, SharePoint farm administrators, and site collection administrators.

    Which of the following are best practices for managing files? ›

    Effective File Management
    • Avoid saving unnecessary documents. ...
    • Follow a consistent method for naming your files and folders. ...
    • Store related documents together, whatever their type. ...
    • Separate ongoing work from completed work. ...
    • Avoid overfilling folders. ...
    • Organize documents by date. ...
    • Make digital copies of paper documents.

    How can you make your folder structure more effective? ›

    1. Be consistent.
    2. Structure your hierarchy logically. ...
    3. Keep folders and subfolders separate to reduce overlap. ...
    4. Keep subfolder categories narrow to restrict the number of files in each. ...
    5. Your Desktop is meant to be temporary storage.

    What are the best practices for SharePoint file name? ›

    1 answer. In the SharePoint Online, the entire file path should not be more than 400 characters which includes tenant name, site name, file name and folder name etc. (3) Once created, you can rename the title to be in the originally descriptive manner with a clean URL.

    What are the different permission types in SharePoint? ›

    Default SharePoint permission levels
    • View only permissions: Allows users to view application pages and is specifically used for Excel services. ...
    • Read permissions: Allows users to view, download, and list items and documents.
    • SharePoint edit permissions: Users can manage and edit lists and documents.

    How does SharePoint permissions work? ›

    You add users to SharePoint groups and assign permission levels to your site and to its contents. By default, permissions on lists, libraries, folders within lists and libraries, items, and documents are inherited from their parent site.

    What is the difference between design and full control permissions in SharePoint? ›

    Full access — The user can manage site settings, create sub sites, and add users to groups. Design — The user can view, add, update and delete approvals and customizations, as well as create and edit new document libraries and lists on the site, but cannot manage settings for the whole site.

    What do the 3 dashes mean in SharePoint? ›

    The glimmer marks (three little blue lines) seen next to a file or folder indicate that the file is new.

    What is 3 dots in SharePoint? ›

    In SharePoint, the ellipsis is the 'three dots' you see to the right of a file/folder name. Depending on how SharePoint has been set up for you, the ellipsis may be visible at all times, or visible only when you "hover" over the file/folder name. Clicking on the ellipsis opens a menu of options.

    What is the default permission level? ›

    Default permission levels are predefined sets of permissions that you can assign to individual users, groups of users, or security groups, based on the functional requirements of the users and on security considerations.

    What is the permission limitation in SharePoint? ›

    The supported limit of unique permissions for items in a list or library is 50,000. However, the recommended general limit is 5,000. Making changes to more than 5,000 uniquely permitted items at a time takes longer. Therefore, for large lists, design the list to have as few unique permissions as possible.

    Which is the least restrictive permission in SharePoint? ›

    View: This is the lowest permission level in SharePoint. Users with this permission level can only view pages, documents, and list items, but can't download anything. These users are not able to create new content and modify or delete existing ones.


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